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date: 22 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article studies Bronze Age Poland, which served as the eastern section of the most culturally advanced region of Europe. It first examines the Early Bronze Age and the Únětice culture, which slowly improved its metallurgy. The article then examines the Middle Bronze Age and the Tumulus culture, and notes that this period was marked by the emergence of new cultural trends from the south west and the north west. The Late Bronze Age, on the other hand, was dominated by the Lausitz culture and led to a process of cultural transformation, specifically an increase in population density and the stabilisation of settlements. The article also studies various aspects of social life in Poland during these periods, including burial rites and trade route communities. The concept of ‘civilisational geography’, which was shaped by an increase in internal group stratification and military aristocracy, is also discussed.

Keywords: Poland, Únětice culture, metallurgy, Tumulus culture, cultural trends, Lausitz culture, cultural transformation, social life, civilisational geography

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