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date: 04 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the Bronze Age in Peninsular Italy, starting with the climate and geographical features of the area during the period. It discusses in detail the various stages of the Italian Bronze Age (Early, Middle, Late, and Final), and introduces the Pre- and Proto-Apennine and Apennine cultures, which emerged during the Early to the Middle Bronze Age. The article then studies the factors that led to an increase in demographic growth, the demand for metal, and the intensification of exterior contacts in the eastern Mediterranean and northern Italy during the Late Bronze Age. It concludes with a section on the Final Bronze and Early Iron Age, where cremation and the centralisation of political decision making served as the basic factors of organisation in the communities.

Keywords: Peninsular Italy, Apennine culture, demographic growth, demand for metal, exterior contacts, cremation, political decision, organisation

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