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date: 30 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article concentrates on the characteristics specific to the Roman army in Egypt, providing an overview of the subject and emphasizing the developing insights of scholarship. The first element specific to the province of Aegyptus, as was also the case in every province of the empire, was the composition of the garrison, and in particular the units stationed there and their military engagements. Also specific to the exercitus Aegyptiacus (the Latin designation for the 'army of Egypt') were a few institutional regulations dating from Octavian's conquest and the form he gave to the province's administration. Finally, two kinds of source, namely the papyri and ostraca, are specific to the province.

Keywords: Roman army, Egypt, Aegyptus, garrison, exercitus Aegyptiacus, papyri, ostraca

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