Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses the sources for Egyptian hieroglyphs, language and epigraphy, and 'Egyptomania' in Egypt and Rome. Egyptian scribes continued to compose lengthy and stylistically complex hieroglyphic texts on temple walls and other media well into the early third century ce. Contemporaneous religious manuals and other papyri, meanwhile, attest to a concentrated effort to codify and transmit this written knowledge within temple libraries. The system of Egyptian hieroglyphs fascinated most prominent Roman scholars of the Second Sophistic, and the mystical interpretations of Horapollo influenced European thinkers through the Renaissance.
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