Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses Egyptian funerary religion during the Roman period. During this period, there was a greater diversity of modes in which individuals could be commemorated and at the same time envisage the afterlife — as Egyptian, Hellenized Egyptian, Egyptianized Greek, and so on, depending on personal and local circumstances. The textual sources superficially show a similar variety: some compositions survive in numerous copies, while other, quite extensive texts are unique and may represent an individual creation. By the start of the Ptolemaic period, funerary compositions adapted from temple ritual texts began to appear, highlighting a connection between tomb and temple functions that became increasingly evident in the Roman period but no doubt reflects long-standing practices as well.
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