- Figures (and map)
- Shifting Paradigms in Latin America's Economic Development
- Institutions and the Historical Roots of Latin American Divergence
- Political Institutions, Policymaking, and Economic Policy in Latin America
- The Washington Consensus: Assessing A “damaged Brand”
- From Old to New Developmentalism in Latin America
- Environmental Sustainability
- Taming Capital Account Shocks: Managing Booms and Busts
- Exchange Rate Regimes in Latin America
- Monetary Policy in Latin America: Performance Under Crisis and the Challenges of Exuberance
- Domestic Financial Development in Latin America
- Fiscal Policy in Latin America
- Fiscal Legitimacy, Inequalities, and Democratic Consolidation in Latin America
- Latin America in the World Trade System
- Regional Integration
- The Effects of Trade Liberalization on Growth, Employment, and Wages
- The Recent Commodity Price Boom and Latin American Growth: More than New Bottles for an Old Wine?
- Curse or Blessing? Natural Resources and Human Development
- Foreign Direct Investment in Latin America
- China and the Future of Latin American Economic Development
- Latin America in the Recent Wave of International Migration
- Structural Transformation and Economic Growth in Latin America
- Learning, Technological Capabilities, and Structural Dynamics
- Why Has Productivity Growth Stagnated in Most Latin American Countries Since the Neo-Liberal Reforms?
- Agricultural and Rural Development
- An Energy Panorama of Latin America
- Infrastructure in Latin America
- The Rise and Fall of Income Inequality in Latin America
- Multidimensional Poverty in Latin America: Concept, Measurement, and Policy
- Economic Insecurity and Development in Latin America and the Caribbean
- Employment: The Dominance of the Informal Economy
- Latin American Labor Reforms: Evaluating Risk and Security
- Social Protection in Latin America: Achievements and Limitations
- Social Security Reforms in Latin America
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter addresses procedural and substantive changes to Latin American employment law in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. It covers eighteen Latin American market economies between 1985 and 2009, paying particularly close attention to reforms undertaken in the 2000s in light of their variegated and somewhat anomalous predecessors. The chapter begins by assessing recent reforms to: laws that are designed to reduce the likelihood of job loss by limiting the employer's authority to dismiss his or her workers; and laws which are designed to influence the compensation workers receive in case of job loss by creating or reinforcing either unemployment-insurance programmes or severance payments. It also addresses the question of enforcement by examining the evolution of resources devoted to labour inspection across the region.
María Victoria Murillo is Associate Professor of the Department of Political Science and the School of International Affairs at Columbia University, New York.
Lucas Ronconi Associate researcher at the Center for the Implementation of Public Policies Promoting Equity and Growth (CIPPEC), Buenos Aires
Andrew Schrank is Associate Professor of the Department of Sociology at University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.
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