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date: 17 July 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Structuralism is an important influence in the development of Anglo-American archaeology. Its basic insight is to conceptualize the world in terms of relationships between things rather than in terms of the things themselves. Alongside functionalism and adaptationalism, it played a seminal role in the early days of processual archaeology, particularly in the context of systems theory. Structuralism and its poststructural critiques were also central to the rise of postprocessual approaches and their engagement with issues of reading, writing, discourse and performance. While structuralism is no longer advocated in its original forms, its legacies are evident in many current research directions. Among these directions are cognitive archaeology, Peircian semiotics, and network analysis.

Keywords: cognitive archaeology, meaning, networks, network analysis, postprocessual archaeology, processual archaeology, semiotics, structuralism

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