Abstract and Keywords
Resilience ideas provide a framework for understanding change. Individuals, communities, and states are faced with challenges associated with the impacts of climate change and the policy imperatives to decarbonize all activities. This article outlines the key elements of resilience ideas, or a resilience theory, as they have emerged from ecology and other disciplines. Resilience as commonly applied in climate change policy is not used to promote radical change. The policy discourses associated with resilience run counter to the scientific understandings and ideas at the heart of resilience theory. This article outlines the core elements of resilience thinking and evaluates the salience and critiques the use of social-ecological resilience as a normative goal for the climate change challenge. A resilient world needs a more fundamental set of transformations and transitions than currently promoted in international and national policy arenas, and an alternative economic pathway for a post-carbon world.
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