Abstract and Keywords
The problem of anthropogenic climate change has given rise to numerous discussions of justice. The focus of this article is international justice, which encompasses questions about duties and obligations between nations and between people of different nations. The article is organized around two themes; first, the broad distinction between cosmopolitan theories of justice and the alternatives (often classified as ‘communitarian’); and secondly, the application of theories of justice (cosmopolitan theories in particular) to the primary ethical questions raised by the threat of anthropogenic climate change. There are three ethical questions that lie at the heart of the climate problem — the target, allocation, and liability — and all of them have an international dimension. Furthermore, this article discusses the philosophical discourse, which addresses the reasons for supporting or opposing various policy choices in the three domains (targets, allocation, and liability).
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