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date: 26 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter introduces Catholic theology in Africa. The encounter between Africa and Christianity is divided into three periods. The first of these runs from the beginning of Christianity to ad 1500. During this period Christianity flourished and produced some of the major theologians of the patristic period, and then survived with difficulty after the rise of Islam. The second period runs from ad 1500 to 1800. During this period there were certainly African priests and African seminaries, but little theological writing. The third period covers ad 1800 to the present day. This chapter considers the many theological voices and movements of this period beginning with inculturation theology and liberation theology, and ending with critiques of these movements and the emergence of a more firmly doctrinal theology in recent decades.

Keywords: Africa, inculturation, evangelization, preaching, colonialism, liberation theology

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