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date: 24 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the Catholic Church’s engagement with the Enlightenment from 1670–1815. It considers Catholic philosophies of the Enlightenment and new conceptualizations of natural law. The chapter also explores Catholic exegetical discussions during the period, showing how Enlightenment concerns enabled new styles of attention to the Scriptural text, new Patristic scholarship, and the origins of the later liturgical movement. Jansenist and Gallican theologies stimulated reflection on eccelesiology and the papacy, and a variety of thinkers developed new theologies of the state, and of the economy. This period also saw the rise of the Catholic ultramontanism that was to mark Church life until the Second Vatican Council.

Keywords: Catholic Church, Enlightenment, eclecticism, Tridentine reforms, natural law, Catholic theology, reform Catholicism, historical-critical exegesis, strong papacy, Ultramontanist ecclesiology

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