Abstract and Keywords
The United States and the Alliance agree that a Comprehensive Approach to conflict resolution, post-conflict stabilization, and, ultimately, reconstruction is key to successful execution of complex operations. A truly Comprehensive Approach draws on the full array of military and civilian and national and international resources, applying them robustly across all phases of a conflict to bring the stricken populace to a state of security, basic services, and legitimate governance as rapidly as possible. Yet the political, military, and economic resources essential to success are rarely committed and integrated in this well-accepted and broadly prescribed approach. While the United States has established policies and written doctrine to address the demands of such future conflicts, it struggles to turn these decisions into actionable operational concepts and genuine capabilities. This is even truer of NATO, and the Alliance has much further to go to realize its own Comprehensive Approach initiative. Civilians must be involved in all phases of the response, beginning with pre-conflict planning, through to a desired end state with relative peace. To do so will require the development of greater civilian planning capacity and robust expeditionary civilian capabilities at national and international levels.
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