- List of Contributors
- Face Perception: a Developmental Perspective
- Cognitive and Computational Approaches to Face Recognition
- Ecological and Social Approaches to Face Perception
- Face Neurons
- Disorders of Face Perception
- Distributed Neural Systems for Face Perception
- The Functional Architecture of the Face System: integrating Evidence from fMRI and Patient Studies
- Applied Research in Face Processing
- Are Faces Special?
- Features, Configuration, and Holistic Face Processing
- Face Perception and Perceptual Expertise in Adult and Developmental Populations
- An Experience-Based Holistic Account of the Other-Race Face Effect
- Social Categorization Influences Face Perception and Face Memory
- Adaptive Norm-Based Coding of Face Identity
- Unfamiliar Face Perception
- Face Recognition in Eyewitness Memory
- The Face-Sensitive N170 Component of the Event-Related Brain Potential
- Neurophysiological Correlates of Face Recognition
- Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Studies of Face Processing
- Computer-Generated Images in Face Perception
- Neurocomputational Models of Face Processing
- Does Facial Identity and Facial Expression Recognition Involve Separate Visual Routes?
- Attention and Automaticity in Processing Facial Expressions
- On Perceiving Facial Expressions: the Role of Culture and Context
- Automated Facial Expression Measurement: recent Applications to Basic Research in Human Behavior, Learning, and Education
- Influence of Personality Traits on Processing of Facial Expressions
- Real Faces, Real Emotions: perceiving Facial Expressions in Naturalistic Contexts of Voices, Bodies, and Scenes
- The Impact of Social Gaze Perception on Attention
- Neural Substrates of Social Perception
- Functional and Neural Mechanisms for Eye Gaze Processing
- Speechreading: what’s MISS-ing?
- Personality Impressions from Facial Appearance
- Structure, Expression, and Motion in Facial Attractiveness
- Neural Encoding Principles in Face Perception Revealed Using Non-Primate Models
- Face Perception in Non-Human Primates
- Taking Apart the Neural Machinery of Face Processing
- Recognizing the Faces of Other Species: What Can a Limited Skill Tell Us About Face Processing?
- The Neurodevelopment of Face Perception
- Development of Face Processing Expertise
- Sensitive Periods in Face Perception
- Impairments in Face Perception
- Developmental Prosopagnosia: cognitive, Neural, and Developmental Investigations
- Face Processing in Autism
- Facial Expression Perception in Schizophrenia and Mood Disorders
- Delusions and Faces
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the functions performed by each of the “core” face processing regions: the fusiform face area (FFA), occipital face area (OFA), and superior temporal sulcus (fSTS). It reviews the data from two complementary sources: functional imaging in healthy subjects and behavioral data from neurological subjects with damage to these regions. Data from functional neuroimaging allows for the determination of which regions are specifically engaged by which stimuli and which tasks; functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) adaptation and pattern classification methods even allow for the characterisation of the representations extracted in each. However, fMRI can only tell that a given region is sensitive to a particular stimulus property. fMRI cannot depict if the processing requires perceiving that property occurs in that area. In contrast, lesion data can answer the crucial question of whether a given brain region is necessary for a given computation.
Nancy Kanwisher, Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Jason J.S. Barton, Departments of Medicine (Neurology), Opthalmology, and Visual Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
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