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date: 13 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter considers the different forms of natural theology in the Patristic Period, first examining the Stoic Middle Platonism of Philo Judaeus and Josephus. In Philo – uniting Plato's and Moses' genesis, and thus connecting God, the cosmos, and the human in the opposite way to the one taken by Lucretius in his – we encounter most of the forms natural theology took in the period. We find not only that there is no operation of pure nature abstracted from the divine activity but also that physics leads to theology, and that nature, the human, and community depend on gifts given beyond them from above. The philosophies of Boethius, John Scottus Eriugena, and Augustine are also discussed.

Keywords: Stoic Middle Platonism, Philo Judaeus, Josephus, physics, Boethius, John Scottus Eriugena, Augustine

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