Abstract and Keywords
The article aims to discuss the optimal asset allocation for sovereign wealth funds (SWF). The main purpose of a commodity based sovereign wealth fund is to create a permanent income stream out of a temporary one and so allow consumption smoothing over time. The asset allocation framework typically consists of an objective function that implies a preference for the highest return for a given level of risk. The ultimate objective of a SWF is to smooth consumption and achieve intergenerational transfers. The accumulation of financial assets presupposes functioning markets for consumption goods such as food products. Another consideration that may guide the investment behavior of sovereign wealth funds and that highlights the role of liabilities is food security. Future food imports are a key component of the balance of payments identity. A rigorous analysis of the commodity fund's optimal asset allocation policy must take into account the role of liabilities and therefore requires an analysis of the country's balance of payments. The ALM takes into account the role of liabilities and the resulting additional hedging demands. The asset liability management (ALM) examines both assets and financial liabilities and models the return on assets and the return on liabilities.
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