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date: 20 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Americas (both North and South) were occupied by anatomically modern humans at least by 11000BP(12,900 calendar years ago)..An Asian origin of the First Americans is demonstrated through biological, linguistic, and archaeological data. Other regions, however, persist as potential points of origin or co-origin. By and immediately following 11000BP, cultural diversity is evident in material culture, subsistence, mobility, technology, and other aspects of early American culture. The first hunter-gatherers that entered the Americas apparently adapted quickly to different and diverse environments from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego and further became differentiated through settling into distinct habitats of the continents. These first groups set the stage for the subsequent 10,000 years of cultural evolution in the Americas.

Keywords: First Americans, Palaeoindians, hunter-gatherers, subsistence, mobility

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