- List of Abbreviations
- Notes on Contributors
- Becoming a Philosopher in Seventeenth-Century Britain
- Francis Bacon
- Robert Boyle
- Isaac Newton
- The Reception of Cartesianism
- Observation and Mathematics
- The Status of Theory and Hypotheses
- Substance and Essence
- The Nature of Body
- The Theory of Material Qualities
- Theories of Generation and Form
- Soul and Body
- John Locke on the Understanding
- Probable Opinion
- Logic and Demonstrative Knowledge
- Will and Motivation
- Hedonism and Virtue
- Passions and Affections
- Natural Law and Natural Rights
- Women, Freedom, and Equality
- Thomas Hobbes’ <i>Leviathan</i>
- John Locke’s <i>Two Treatises of Government</i>
- The Origin and Development of Property: Conventionalism, Unilateralism, and Colonialism
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter, which examines the unity shared between what appear to be conflicting modes of natural investigation, an often neglected aspect of the history of British natural philosophy, also discusses the views of Francis Bacon on observation and experiment and describes his system of the sciences. It looks at aspects of Bacon's program for natural philosophy that made critics set the divide Baconian natural philosophy and the mathematical sciences of the seventeenth century. The chapter furthermore highlights the role of the Baconian system of the sciences in the acceptance of Isaac Newton's Principia mathematica.
Mary Domski is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of New Mexico. Her research focuses on the interplay of philosophy, mathematics, and science in the early modern period, and in the work of Descartes, Newton, and Kant, in particular. She has authored several papers on philosophical themes in seventeenth-century mathematics and science and is also co-editor (with Michael Dickson) of Discourse on a New Method: Reinvigorating the Marriage of History and Philosophy of Science (Open Court, 2010).
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.