- List of Abbreviations
- Notes on Contributors
- Becoming a Philosopher in Seventeenth-Century Britain
- Francis Bacon
- Robert Boyle
- Isaac Newton
- The Reception of Cartesianism
- Observation and Mathematics
- The Status of Theory and Hypotheses
- Substance and Essence
- The Nature of Body
- The Theory of Material Qualities
- Theories of Generation and Form
- Soul and Body
- John Locke on the Understanding
- Probable Opinion
- Logic and Demonstrative Knowledge
- Will and Motivation
- Hedonism and Virtue
- Passions and Affections
- Natural Law and Natural Rights
- Women, Freedom, and Equality
- Thomas Hobbes’ <i>Leviathan</i>
- John Locke’s <i>Two Treatises of Government</i>
- The Origin and Development of Property: Conventionalism, Unilateralism, and Colonialism
Abstract and Keywords
This chapter examines the views of seventeenth-century British philosophers on the notion of logic and demonstrative knowledge, particularly Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke, offering an overview of traditional Aristotelianism in relation to logic and describing Bacon's approach to demonstration and logic. It also analyzes the contribution of the Cambridge Platonists and evaluates the influence of Cartesianism. The chapter concludes that theorizing about logic and demonstrative knowledge followed an arc familiar from other branches of philosophy such as metaphysics or the philosophy of science.
Douglas M. Jesseph is Professor of Philosophy, University of South Florida; he is the author of Berkeley’s Philosophy of Mathematics and Squaring the Circle: The War between Hobbes and Wallis, as well as a number of articles on mathematics and methodology in the early modern period.
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