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date: 15 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the convention concerning the theories of generation and form in the field of natural philosophy in Great Britain during the seventeenth century. It explains that natural philosophers treated the questions of biological generation interchangeably with those coming from chemistry, mineralogy, and meteorology, and considers Antoine Goudin's argument that there are both efficient and final causes at work in the earth's production of rocks that resemble animals or parts of animals. The chapter also suggests that the ‘chymists’ were consistently presented as a challenging third party, alongside Aristotelianism and traditional atomism, in the effort to account for the composition of natural bodies.

Keywords: theory of generation, theory of form, natural philosophy, Great Britain, biological generation, Antoine Goudin, chymists, Aristotelianism, traditional atomism, natural bodies

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