- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Minimalism
- The Contributors
- List of Abbreviations and Symbols
- Some Roots of Minimalism in Generative Grammar
- Features in Minimalist Syntax
- Merge and Bare Phrase Structure
- Structure and Order: Asymmetric Merge
- The Copy Theory
- A-Bar Dependencies
- Head Movement and the Minimalist Program
- Derivational Cycles
- Anti-Locality: Too-Close Relations in Grammar
- No Derivation Without Representation
- Last Resort with Move and Agree in Derivations and Representations
- Syntax and Interpretation Systems: How is Their Labour Divided?
- Minimalist Construal: Two Approaches to A and B
- A Minimalist Approach to Argument Structure
- Minimalist Semantics
- Minimal Semantic Instructions
- Language and Thought
- Minimalism and Language Acquisition
- A Minimalist Program for Phonology
- Minimizing Language Evolution: The Minimalist Program and The Evolutionary Shaping of Language
- Computational Perspectives on Minimalism
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the nature of Merge (the standard structure-building operation in virtually all minimalist studies), and issues of dominance (projection), long-distance dependencies/movements (can movement be reduced to Merge?), and the minimalist reformulation of the well-known X-bar theory in terms of bare phrase structure. It is organized as follows. Section 4.2 briefly reviews the history of modern linguistics to see how these characteristics have been captured by various different components of grammar. Section 4.3 focuses on the operation Merge, which is assumed in bare phrase structure theory to be the fundamental operation in human language, and discusses its properties and problems. It also explores a few different interpretations of Merge and related operations, and discusses some implications for comparative syntax, particularly Japanese syntax. Section 4.4 summarizes the discussion, trying to figure out the current stage of our understanding of the relevant issues, and speculates on future directions.
Naoki Fukui is Professor of Linguistics at Sophia University, Tokyo. He is the author of several books and has been an editorial board member of various international journals. His research interests include syntax, biolinguistics, the relation between number theory and generative grammar, and philosophy of linguistics.
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