- List of Illustrations and Tables
- List of Contributors
- Medicine and Health in the Graeco-Roman World
- Medieval Medicine
- Early Modern Medicine
- Health and Medicine in the Enlightenment
- Medicine and Modernity
- Contemporary History of Medicine and Health
- Global and Local Histories of Medicine: Interpretative Challenges and Future Possibilities
- Chinese Medicine
- Medicine in Islam and Islamic Medicine
- Medicine in Western Europe
- History of Medicine in Eastern Europe, Including Russia
- Science and Medicine in the United States of America
- Public Health and Medicine in Latin America
- History of Medicine in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Medicine and Colonialism in South Asia since 1500
- History of Medicine in Australia and New Zealand
- Childhood and Adolescence
- Medicine and Old Age
- Historical Demography and Epidemiology: The Meta-Narrative Challenge
- Chronic Illness and Disease History
- Public Health
- The Political Economy of Health Care in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
- Health, Work, and Environment: A Hippocratic Turn in Medical History
- History of Science and Medicine
- Women, Health, and Medicine
- Health and Sexuality
- Medicine and the Mind
- Medical Ethics and the Law
- Medicine and Species: One Medicine, One History?
- Histories of Heterodoxy
- Oral Testimony and the History of Medicine
- Medical Film and Television: An Alternative Path to the Cultures of Biomedicine
Abstract and Keywords
Childhood and youth have undergone a period of much more intensive scrutiny within the social history of medicine in the past few decades. This article discusses the significance of health and well-being of the younger generation as it reflects a variety of wider societal concerns about national efficiency, confidence in medical practice, a healthy and well-balanced population, and the quality of social relations. It discusses more insightful discoveries about the nature of child patients and disease by studying how they are treated compared with others experiencing similar impairment. It also deals with the second theme to emerge in recent medical histories of childhood and youth focusing on the boundaries of normal life experiences. The history of child health is moving from the margins of welfare and employment into its own field, and it is hoped that future work will continue to build up a more convincing set of theoretical reference points.
Alysa Levene is a Senior Lecturer in Early Modern History at Oxford Brookes University. She works on the history of child health and welfare, particularly on poor children in London, children as hospital patients, and pauper apprenticeship. She is particularly concerned with the ways that children were treated by doctors and poor law officers as a separate group of patients/paupers, and how this relates to changing ideas about childhood. Her published work includes Childcare, Health and Mortality at the London Foundling Hospital, 1741–1800: ‘Left to the mercy of the world’ (2007); ‘Pauper Apprenticeship and the Old Poor Law in London: Feeding the Industrial Economy?’ (Economic History Review, 63 (2010), 915–41); and ‘Poor Families, Removals and “Nurture” in Late Old Poor Law London’ (Continuity and Change, 25 (2010), 233–62). She has also worked on twentieth-century medical history and is a joint author of Cradle to Grave: Municipal Medicine in Inter-war England and Wales (2010).
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