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date: 29 May 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on Western medicine, which, in the form of learned medicine, represents one of the three higher faculties on the basis of a certain canon of Greek and Arabic texts. It presents that from a methodological perspective, women's studies, gender studies, and gender behavioural studies have contrasted the cruder forms of biologizing and ontologizing the feminine with differentiated societal models of constructing sexuality. This approach has led to a radical revision of early modern medical historiography. The history of early modern medicine is further complicated by an imposing diversity of methodological approaches and by growing caution about unsubstantiated generalizations. The past century of exploration into early modern medicine has dictated the various methodological approaches that have held their ground in the research landscape up to the present day.

Keywords: modern medicine, methodological perspective, historiography, history, research

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