- List of Illustrations and Tables
- List of Contributors
- Medicine and Health in the Graeco-Roman World
- Medieval Medicine
- Early Modern Medicine
- Health and Medicine in the Enlightenment
- Medicine and Modernity
- Contemporary History of Medicine and Health
- Global and Local Histories of Medicine: Interpretative Challenges and Future Possibilities
- Chinese Medicine
- Medicine in Islam and Islamic Medicine
- Medicine in Western Europe
- History of Medicine in Eastern Europe, Including Russia
- Science and Medicine in the United States of America
- Public Health and Medicine in Latin America
- History of Medicine in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Medicine and Colonialism in South Asia since 1500
- History of Medicine in Australia and New Zealand
- Childhood and Adolescence
- Medicine and Old Age
- Historical Demography and Epidemiology: The Meta-Narrative Challenge
- Chronic Illness and Disease History
- Public Health
- The Political Economy of Health Care in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
- Health, Work, and Environment: A Hippocratic Turn in Medical History
- History of Science and Medicine
- Women, Health, and Medicine
- Health and Sexuality
- Medicine and the Mind
- Medical Ethics and the Law
- Medicine and Species: One Medicine, One History?
- Histories of Heterodoxy
- Oral Testimony and the History of Medicine
- Medical Film and Television: An Alternative Path to the Cultures of Biomedicine
Abstract and Keywords
This article focuses on Western medicine, which, in the form of learned medicine, represents one of the three higher faculties on the basis of a certain canon of Greek and Arabic texts. It presents that from a methodological perspective, women's studies, gender studies, and gender behavioural studies have contrasted the cruder forms of biologizing and ontologizing the feminine with differentiated societal models of constructing sexuality. This approach has led to a radical revision of early modern medical historiography. The history of early modern medicine is further complicated by an imposing diversity of methodological approaches and by growing caution about unsubstantiated generalizations. The past century of exploration into early modern medicine has dictated the various methodological approaches that have held their ground in the research landscape up to the present day.
Thomas Rütten is a licensed physician, a Reader in the History of Medicine, and currently the Director of the Newcastle branch of the Northern Centre for the History of Medicine. He worked in academia in Münster (University), Venice (Centro Tedesco di Studi Veneziani), Wolfenbüttel (HAB), Princeton (IAS), and Paris (VII) before coming to Newcastle in 2002. He has published extensively on ancient, early modern, and eighteenth- and twentieth-century Western medicine. His publications include: Demokrit—lachender Philosoph und sanguinischer Melancholiker (1992); Ars Medica—verlorene Einheit der Medizin? (ed., 1994); ‘Ihr sehr ergebener Thomas Mann’ (ed., 2006); Geschichten vom Hippokratischen Eid (2007); and Geschichte der Medizingeschichtsschreibung (ed., 2009). He is sole editor of Medizingeschichtsschreibung, published by Gardez!
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.