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date: 16 October 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Treaty of Maastricht, which created the EU, was signed in Maastricht on February 7, 1992, and entered into force on November 1, 1993 after being ratified by the then twelve member states of the European Communities. This article discusses how the treaty was adopted, the economic and monetary union, the main policy changes, the new pillars, the main institutional changes, the ratification of Maastricht, and the significance of Maastricht.

Keywords: EU, European integration, Maastricht Treaty, monetary union

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