- Buddhism and Science
- Judaism and Science
- Christianity and Science
- Islam And Science
- Indigenous Lifeways and Knowing the World
- Religious Naturalism and Science
- Atheism and Science
- Fundamental Physics and Religion
- Molecular Biology and Religion
- Evolutionary Theory and Religious Belief
- Ecology and Religion
- Neurophenomenology and Contemplative Experience
- Psychology, The Human Sciences, And Religion
- Sociology and Religion
- Anthropology and Religion
- Contributions from the Social Sciences
- Contributions from the Philosophy of Science
- Contributions from Philosophical Theology and Metaphysics
- Contributions from Systematic Theology
- Contributions from Practical Theology and Ethics
- Contributions from Spirituality: Simplicity— Complexity— Simplicity
- Varieties of Naturalism
- Interpreting Science from the Standpoint of Whiteheadian Process Philosophy
- Anglo‐American Post‐modernity and the End of Theology— Science Dialogue?
- Trinitarian Faith Seeking Transformative Understanding
- Religious Experience, Cognitive Science, and the Future of Religion
- Toward A Comprehensive Integration Of Science and Religion: A Post‐metaphysical Approach
- Theologies of Divine Action
- Ground‐ of‐Being Theologies
- Problems in Panentheism
- God and Evolution
- The Pre‐modern Sins of Intelligent Design
- Emergence and Complexity
- Emergence, Theology, and the Manifest Image
- The Hidden Battles over Emergence
- Feminist Perspectives in Medicine and Bioethics
- Science, Ethics, and the Human Spirit
- Environmental Ethics and Religion/Science
- Biotechnology and the Religion—Science Discussion
- Relations Between <i>Homo Sapiens</i> and Other Animals: Scientific and Religious Arguments
- Concluding Reflections: Dover Beach Revisited
Abstract and Keywords
This article outlines the ways in which Integral Theory, applying Integral Methodological Pluralism (IMP), can provide a successful approach to integrating the disciplines of science and religion. It introduces the Integral approach and the application of IMP. Then, the article draws on IMP to explain some of the important features of both Integral Science and Integral Religion. Finally, it identifies some key considerations for integrating science and religion. Integral Theory provides a comprehensive means of integrating the four dimension-perspectives of objectivity, interobjectivity, subjectivity, and intersubjectivity. It also includes the major methodological families in a way that avoids postulating the existence of pre-existing ontological structures of a Platonic, archetypal, Patanjali, or Yogachara-Buddhist variety.
Sean Esbjörn‐Hargens is co‐director and founding member of the Integral Ecology Center of Integral University and Assistant Professor in the Integral Studies Department at John F. Kennedy University.
Ken Wilber is director of the Integral Institute, Boulder, Colorado.
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