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date: 16 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Non-specialists often confuse ecology with environmental science, or even with environmental management and politics. Ecology explicitly investigates the interaction of biotic systems with their environment. This article first covers religious interaction with ecological phenomena prior to or independently of the rise of modern life science. The second half investigates the past two centuries of religious interaction with the development of ecological thought in the Euro-American context, and concludes with a brief survey of the last quarter-century of ecological and environmental science dialogue with world religions. Rather than merely offering a summary of some idealized human interaction with nature, religious interaction with environmental science is becoming more specific. It is now engaging individual environmental issues, including human population growth, global warming, the preservation of endangered species, and the management of specific ecosystems such as oceans, forests, and rivers.

Keywords: ecology, environmental science, life science, environmental management, world religions

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