Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the spin and charge properties of double and triple quantum dots (QDs) populated containing just a few electrons, with particular emphasis on laterally coupled QDs. It first describes the theoretical approach, known as exact diagonalization method, utilized on the example of the two-electron system in coupled QDs that are modelled as two parabolas. The many-body problem is solved via the exact diagonalization method as well as variational Heitler–London and Monte Carlo methods. The article proceeds by considering the general characteristics of the two-electron double-QD structure and limitations of the approximate methods commonly used for its theoretical description. It also discusses the stability diagram for two circular dots and investigates how its features are affected by the QD elliptical deformations. Finally, it assesses the behavior of the two-electron system in the realistic double-dot confinement potentials.
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