Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses the risks associated with nanomaterials. The use of nanomaterials in consumer products and industrial applications is becoming more prevalent owing to their range of benefits. Nanomaterials have found uses in energy production, home appliances, water treatment, novel therapeutic delivery techniques and dietary supplements, consumer electronics, and sports equipment. While considerable attention has been given to the likely commercial advantages associated with nanomaterials, less emphasis has been placed on the development of a systematic approach for characterizing the human health and environmental risks from exposure to nanomaterials. This article first considers the use of nanomaterials in consumer products and the characterization of nanomaterials before describing a systematic evaluation of the hazards associated with nanomaterials. It also examines pulmonary exposure assessment and dermal exposure assessment, along with risk assessment for exposure to nanomaterials. Finally, it outlines research priorities for the development of more refined estimates of nanomaterial risk.
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