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date: 11 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter first provides an overview of both the historical and contemporary positive approaches to the workplace. More specific attention is then given to the meaning and domain of positive organizational behavior, or POB, and psychological capital, or PsyCap. Our definition of POB includes positive psychological resources that can be validly measured and developed and that have performance impact. The constructs that have been determined so far to best meet these criteria are hope, efficacy, resilience, and optimism. When combined, it has been demonstrated that they form the core construct of what we term PsyCap. Multiple measures of PsyCap have been validated. An increasing number of review articles and research studies clearly indicates that PsyCap can be developed and has performance impact. The chapter concludes with important future research directions that can help better understand and build positive workplaces to meet current and looming challenges.

Keywords: psychological capital, positive organizational behavior, positive organizational psychology, human resource development, positive organizational scholarship

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