- The Oxford Handbook of Religion and American Education
- Religion, Privatization, and American Educational Policy
- Secularism and Religion in American Education
- Pluralism in Religion and American Education
- Religious Literacy in American Education
- Religious Liberty in American Education
- Democracy, Religion, and American Education
- Faith Development
- Moral Education
- Religious Education in the Traditions
- Religious Education Between the Traditions
- Private Religious Schools
- Religion and Homeschooling
- Public Funding of Private Religious Schools
- Religiously Affiliated Charter Schools
- Law and Religion in American Education
- Religious Expression in Public Schools
- Religion and the Public School Curriculum
- The Bible and American Public Schools
- Religion, Extracurricular Activities, and Access to Public School Facilities
- Religious Freedom, Common Schools, and the Common Good
- Religion in Mainline and Independent Private Higher Education
- Evangelical Higher Education
- Catholic Higher Education
- Religion and Spirituality in Public Higher Education
- Theological Education
- Religion, Spirituality, and College Students
- Religion, Spirituality, and College Faculty
- Teaching Religious Studies
- Teaching About Religion Outside of Religious Studies
- Campus Ministry
Abstract and Keywords
While religion and spirituality have played pivotal roles in shaping US higher education since its inception, empirical studies on college student spirituality are a relatively recent phenomenon, gaining steam in the early 2000s with landmark national studies. These studies reflect a growing interest in the inner lives of college students and their journeys for meaning and purpose. This chapter provides an overview of key studies addressing religion and spirituality in the lives of US college students. Unique patterns related to religious worldview, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, and gender are discussed, reflecting the tremendous range of experiences among college students. The chapter also addresses the impact of college on religious and spiritual development, including the role of different campus environments and experiences, reflecting the role of peer socialization and institutional dynamics.
Alyssa N. Rockenbach is a professor of higher education at North Carolina State University. Her research focuses on the impact of college on students, with particular attention to spiritual development, religious and worldview diversity in colleges and universities, campus climate, community service engagement, and gendered dimensions of the college student experience. Her current work includes a grant-funded initiative, the Interfaith Diversity Experiences and Attitudes Longitudinal Survey (IDEALS) in partnership with Dr. Matt Mayhew at Ohio State University and Interfaith Youth Core. In addition, she co-authored with colleagues the third volume of How College Affects Students: 21st Century Evidence that Higher Education Works. Dr. Rockenbach serves on the editorial boards of Research in Higher Education and Journal of Higher Education, and has been honored with national awards, including the American College Personnel Association Emerging Scholar Award, the Annuit Coeptis Emerging Professional Award, and the American Educational Research Association Religion & Education SIG Emerging Scholar Award. She teaches master’s and doctoral courses related to research methods, quantitative analysis, and foundations of the higher education and student affairs profession. Dr. Rockenbach earned her PhD in Higher Education from the University of California, Los Angeles and her BA in Psychology from California State University, Long Beach.
Julie J. Park is assistant professor of education at the University of Maryland, College Park. Her research addresses race, diversity, and equity in higher education, with a special focus on Asian-American college students. A recipient of the Promising Scholar/Early Career Award from the Association for the Study of Higher Education, she is the author of When Diversity Drops: Race, Religion, and Affirmative Action in Higher Education (Rutgers University Press, 2013), an examination of how a campus religious organization was affected by shifting demographic conditions following a state ban on affirmative action. Her work on religion examines the intersection between race and religion in campus communities, as well as the role of religion in shaping educational opportunity for communities of color. She sits on the editorial review board for the Journal of Higher Education and is also a research advisory board member for the National Commission on Asian American and Pacific Islander Research in Education and the Interfaith Diversity Experiences and Attitudes Longitudinal Survey. Besides being widely published in academic journals, her writing has also been featured in venues such as the Huffington Post, The Chronicle of Higher Education, and The Washington Post. Dr. Park received her BA from Vanderbilt University and her PhD from the University of California, Los Angeles.
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