- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About The Editors
- Locating Culture in the Brain and in the World: From Social Categories to the Ecology of Mind
- Cultural Neuroscience and Neurophilosophy: Does the Neural Code Allow for the Brain’s Enculturation?
- Sensory Enculturation and Neuroanthropology: The Case of Human Echolocation
- Health, Development, and the Culture-Ready Brain
- Culture as a Response to Uncertainty: Foundations of Computational Cultural Neuroscience
- Cultural Values Modulate Emotional Processing in Human Amygdala
- Genes, Brain, and Culture Through a 5-HTT Lens
- Embodied Brains, Social Minds: Toward a Cultural Neuroscience of Social Emotion
- Cultural Neuroscience in South Africa: Promises and Pitfalls
- Cross-Cultural Differences in Memory
- When Culture Informs Neuroscience: Considerations for Community-Based Neurogenetics Research and Clinical Care in a First Nation Community With Early Onset Familial Alzheimer Disease
- Quantifying Culture: The Cultural Distance Hypothesis of Melodic Expectancy
- Cultural Neuroscience Studies of the Self-Reflection
- Identifying a Cultural Resource: Neural Mechanisms Underlying Familial Influence on Adolescent Risk Taking
- Cultural Differences in Emotional Expressions and Body Language
- How Next-Generation Neuroscience Technologies Can Facilitate Comparison Across Cultural Contexts and Species: Implications for Global Health
- The Cultural Neuroscience of Intergroup Bias
- Cultural Neuroscience of Pain and Empathy
- The Gene–Culture Interaction Framework and Implications for Health
- Epigenetics and Social Behavior
- The Encultured Genome: Molecular Evidence for Recent Divergent Evolution in Human Neurotransmitter Genes
- The Role of Culture in Population Mental Health: Prevalence of Mental Disorders Among Asian and Asian American Populations
- Culture, Genes, and Socioemotional Neurodevelopment: Searching for Clues to Common Mental Disorders
- Conclusion—<i>Oxford Handbook of Cultural Neuroscience</i>
Abstract and Keywords
The chapters in this scholarly collection represent the foundations of the conceptual and empirical approaches in cultural neuroscience and the potential for this field to address outstanding questions in population health disparities. Closing the gap in population health disparities represents an important opportunity and challenge for scholars and public policy makers. To provide equity in access and quality of health care irrespective of culture, race and ethnicity across geography, it is important to understand both 1) the etiology underlying population disparities in mental health and 2) the factors that contribute to access and quality of health care and treatment. Cultural neuroscience is a field that contributes to both endeavors.
Joan Y. Chiao is the Director of the International Cultural Neuroscience Consortium, an international, interdisciplinary organization dedicated to advancing theory and methods in cultural neuroscience to address issues in culture and health. She received her Ph.D. from Harvard University studying Psychology and B.S. with Honors from Stanford University studying Symbolic Systems. Her research is in social affective and cultural neuroscience, examining how race, culture and social status affect the human mind, biology and behavior. She serves on the Editorial Board of several journals, such as Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Social Neuroscience, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology and Culture and Brain, and receives grant support from the National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health and the Japan Society for Promotion of Science.
Shu-Chen Li works as a Professor at TU Dresden (Technische Universität Dresden) in Germany. She holds the Chair for Lifespan Developmental Neuroscience in the Psychology Department. She is also an adjunct research scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin, Germany. The research in her lab utilizes an integrated array of theoretical, computational, and experimental approaches to investigate developmental and individual differences in brain-behavioral relations across the lifespan.
Rebecca Seligman is a medical and psychological anthropologist at Northwestern University who focuses on transcultural psychiatry, or the study of mental health in cross-cultural perspective. Her research interests involve critical examination of the social and political-economic forces that affect the experience and distribution of mental and physical illness, with an emphasis on the physical processes and mechanisms through which such forces become embodied. Seligman is interested in the relationships of stress, social disadvantage, and cultural models of selfhood to outcomes such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), dissociation, somatization, diabetes, and depression. She is also exploring current neurobiological research concerning these phenomena. Her past research has explored the connection between mental health and religious participation in northeastern Brazil. Seligman’s recent publications include a book entitled Possessing Spirits and Healing Selves: Embodiment and Transformation in an Afro-Brazilian Religion.
Robert (Bob) Turner has played a key role in the invention of actively shielded gradient coils used widely in MRI, the development of diffusion weighted imaging of human brain, which allows assessment of brain connectivity and evaluation of stroke damage, and the discovery of functional MRI by measurement of the effects of blood oxygenation changes. As a Max-Planck Institute Director in Leipzig, Germany, he was engaged in the discovery of native cortical anatomical maps of individual living human brains using ultra-high field MRI. He has published over 220 scientific papers in a broad range of disciplines, and he is currently Director Emeritus of the Neurophysics Department at the Max-Planck-Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig (see http://www.cbs.mpg.de/staff/turner-10649), where he leds a major programme of investigation into the functional anatomy of the human brain using ultra-high field strength MRI. He is also Honorary Professor at the universities of Amsterdam and Nottingham.
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