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date: 18 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews the contribution of the NEO Inventories and the Five Factor Model to progress in personality psychology since Loevinger’s 1957 essay. Personality structure is now viewed as a complex hierarchy of continuously distributed attributes; the content of this hierarchy consists of traits and their manifestations as needs, habits, and so on. The chapter also introduces the duality principle, according to which personality measures must be understood as both collections of characteristic adaptations and proxy measures of basic tendencies. Finally, the chapter considers the status of Five Factor Theory, a general theory of personality intended to account for research findings stimulated by the discovery and assessment of the Five Factor Model.

Keywords: history of psychology, personality assessment, personality theory, personality structure, traits

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