Abstract and Keywords
Colonial Aztec archaeology in rural areas explores the response of the population residing in the country beyond the major cities, where the impact of the Conquest was felt much more remotely and the response was much slower, more selective, and subtler. Beyond the immediate destruction of the obvious Aztec religious structures and the construction of a new religious architecture in its place, the impact as seen through other material culture was much less obvious. Whereas the urban indigenous populations responded to the stimulus of new contact with a florescence of new decorative elements on traditional and new ceramic forms, at least for a while, the rural response was much more conservative and measured. The practicality of their reaction can be seen archaeologically both in stability and in gradual change in ceramics (Colonial Orange Ware, Red Ware, and Glazed Ware), figurines, and obsidian.
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