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date: 23 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter describes the primary ethnohistoric sources available for studying Mexica culture: codices and chronicles. The codices include both prehispanic and Colonial records that present information through logosyllabic writing and indigenous iconography that were often subsequently discussed in alphabetic writing. The chronicles were written by the conquerors, religious practitioners, political leaders, European-educated indigenous writers, and others. The chapter also examines sixteenth-century European-style illustrated books, such as the Relaciones Geográficas de Indias, as well as Nahuatl lexicons. In conjunction with archaeological, anthropological, and linguistic studies, the data contained in these sources allows analysis of all elements of Aztec culture, including history, economy, religion, daily life, and government.

Keywords: Aztec, ethnohistoric sources, codices, chronicles, history, illustrated books

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