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date: 29 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The chapter examines Thucydides’ intellectual milieu, concentrating on medical theories of the time, rhetoric, and especially the rhetorical use of theories of justice and self-interest. It examines the account of the Plague and the impossibility of isolating a cause, akribeia as a wider aim of medical writers, and Thucydides’ familiarity with intellectual theories, which he then supersedes. Finally, it examines aspects of the presentation of rhetoric and its effects: it focuses on Thucydides’ Plataean Debate and the claims made to justice, law, and convention, comparing Antiphon and Thrasymachus’ theories of justice and Thucydides’ possible contribution to this debate.

Keywords: akribeia, medical theories, rhetoric, plague, Plataean Debate, law, justice, sophists, Antiphon, Thrasymachus

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