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date: 12 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Metamemory has a rich history: Its empirical and theoretical roots can be traced back to at least 1965, although metamemory techniques have been developed and discussed since Aristotle. In this chapter, we describe the origins of metamemory research by showcasing some founders of the field and their methodological and theoretical contributions. Joseph Hart conducted what is considered the first objective metamemory research, John Flavell coined the term metamemory in 1971 and provided theoretical fodder for the field, and Ann Brown brought early attention to metamemory by emphasizing its relevance to education. In 1990, Nelson and Narens introduced a framework that unified the field, which remains influential today. The chapter follows the early progression of metamemory research and foreshadows contemporary approaches to metamemory. It ends with a user’s guide to this handbook, including an overview of each section, an introduction to individual chapters, and recommendations for how to approach the Handbook.

Keywords: metamemory, history, Metacognition, Monitoring, control

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