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date: 12 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Chapter 3 focuses on the five states of Central Asia, namely, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan, and how Christianity has developed in these states through the years. Although populated largely by Sunni Hanafi Muslims, the region also has a substantial number of Christian communities. Considered a crossroads between different civilizations, Central Asia enjoyed religious diversity before the arrival of Islam in the seventh century. In spite of differences in legislature, Central Asian states show a strict separation of church and state, giving religion no power to meddle in state affairs. On the flipside, however, the state and its bodies possess considerable power over religious activities. This complicated relationship caused tumultuous development for the Christian population in the region.

Keywords: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Sunni Hanafi Muslims, Central Asia

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