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date: 25 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter examines the construction of the modern concept of “gender” and its distinct uses and formulations in relation to the categories “sex” and “sexuality.” It presents the main debates within international feminism concerning gender as a theoretical and political project. In particular, the article explores diverse ways in which gender has been differentiated from or opposed to sex; the meanings that “gender difference” came to bear during the 1960s and the 1970s; the place that men and masculinities have occupied in theories of gender; the borders that separate and link gender with sex and sexuality; diverse feminist challenges to gender binarism, attempts to universalize gender, and the discursive coloniality of hegemonic feminisms; and, the contributions of the feminisms of the global South to contemporary gender studies.

Keywords: gender, sex, sexuality, feminisms, women, men

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