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date: 10 August 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This essay presents an overview of how experiences of child maltreatment can pose vulnerabilities to developing externalizing spectrum disorders. The authors review the history of maltreatment research in terms of conceptualization and development of a nosological framework of maltreatment, presenting an overview of early findings relating effects of maltreatment at multiple levels (social, behavioral, cognitive, and neurobiological) to externalizing problems. Next, they highlight current foci of research at genomic and neuroendocrine levels, including the importance of multilevel approaches that are sensitive to developmental factors, including timing and subtype of maltreatment, as well as age and gender effects. Finally, they specify directions for future research, including translation of research findings into interventions that target multiple processes such as emotion regulation and social information processing.

Keywords: maltreatment, externalizing problems, multiple levels of analysis, developmental psychopathology

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