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date: 08 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Raghunātha Śiromaṇi, one of the leading philosophers of the “new reason” (Navya-Nyāya) flourished in Navadvipa in Bengal at the turn of the 16th century. Coming from humble beginnings, his work on epistemology and metaphysics came to dominate North Indian philosophical thought in the 16th and 17th centuries. In this article, I examine Raghunātha’s controversial arguments about metaphysics. In his Examination of the Truth about the Categories, Raghunātha sweeps aside many of the hallowed doctrines of classical Hindu metaphysics. Reducing space and time to God and doing away with atomic theory, Raghunātha goes on to introduce eight new categories to his metaphysical system. In doing so, Raghunātha discusses central issues in the philosophy of mathematics, property and causality. His arguments about metaphysics came to influence some of the greatest philosophers of India’s early modern period.

Keywords: metaphysics, Raghunātha Śiromaṇi, Navya-Nyāya, causality, philosophy of mathematics, space and time, philosophy of property, atomic theory, Vaiśeṣika, early modernity

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