- List of Figures
- List of Tables
- List of Contributors
- Texts and Times Mapping the Changing Study of Work and Organizations
- Labor Markets and Flexibility
- Organizations and the Intersection of Work and Family: A Comparative Perspective
- Gender, Race, and the Restructuring of Work: Organizational and Institutional Perspectives
- Skill Formation Systems
- Technology and the Transformation of Work
- Groups, Teams, and the Division of Labor: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on the Organization of Work
- Introduction: Unmanageable Capitalism?
- The Diffusion and Domestication of Managerial Innovations: The Spread of Scientific Management, Quality Circles, and TQM between the United States and Japan
- Managers, Markets, and Ideologies: Design and Devotion Revisited
- Human Resource Management
- Knowledge Management
- Industrial Relations and Work
- Labor Movements and Mobilization
- Resistance, Misbehavior, and Dissent
- Manual Workers: Conflict and Control
- Service Workers in Search of Decent Work
- What we know (And Mostly Don't Know) about Technical Work
- The Changing Nature of Professional Organizations
- Ports and Ladders: The Nature and Relevance of Internal Labor Markets in a Changing World
- Introduction: The Reorganised Economy
- Organizations and Organized Systems: From Direct Control to Flexibility
- Interfirm Relations as Networks
- Changes in the Organization of Public Services and their Effects on Employment Relations
- Understanding Multinational Corporations
- Corporate Restructuring
- Beyond Convergence and Divergence: Explaining Variations in Organizational Practices and Forms
Abstract and Keywords
An examination of professional organizations and professionals opens up a very wide range of possibilities, as this has been a central and important topic in the sociology of organizations and occupations for more than four decades. There has been something of a change in interest in the past fifteen years, centered on the nature of professional organizations and the ways in which they are changing. It is that burgeoning literature and the questions posed by it that is the focus of this article. The aim of this article is to consider changes that are taking place in those professional organizations and to examine their impact on management structures and systems. The study of professions in organizations has gone through three, overlapping phases since the 1950s. This article discusses these phases in detail. It also assesses what happens to professionals' power and control of work.
Bob Hinings is a Professor Emeritus and Senior Research Fellow in the Department of Strategic Management and Organization, School of Business, University of Alberta. His research interests center on strategic change in professionally based organizations such as law firms, accounting firms, consulting firms, and health care organizations. In 1999 he was the recipient of the Distinguished Scholar Award from the Organization and Management Theory Division of the U.S. Academy of Management. In 2000 he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in the Academy of Humanities and Social Sciences and a Fellow of the U.S. Academy of Management. In 2003 he became an Honorary Member of the European Group for Organizational Studies and a JMI Scholar of the Western Academy of Management.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.