- The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics
- Notes On The Contributors
- Reproductive Technology
- Environmental Ethics
- Gender and Sexual Discrimination
- Race and Racial Discrimination
- Affirmative Action
- People with Disabilities
- Freedom of Speech and Religion
- Legal Paternalism
- Economic Justice
- Intergenerational Justice
- Corporate Responsibility
- National Autonomy
- International Economic Justice
- World Hunger
- Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide
- Capital Punishment
Abstract and Keywords
Sexdiscrimination is the disadvantaging of a member or members of one sex over a member or members of the other because of their sex. Although either men or women may be the victims of sex discrimination, throughout history and in most societies, women have been the victims. Discrimination against women is usually predicated on the claim that men and women are biologically different, and that these differences justify the lesser status of women. Regarding the sex/gender distinction as a significant advance over the view that one's gender is determined by one's sex, feminists encouraged women and men to become well-integrated androgynous persons; to mix and match within themselves a variety of feminine and masculine personality traits and behaviours, thereby demonstrating that anatomy does not constitute destiny.
Rosemarie Tong is Distinguished Professor of Health Care Ethics in the Department of Philosophy at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. She is the author of Women, Sex, and the Law (1984), Feminine and Feminist Ethics (1993), Feminist Approaches to Bioethics: Theoretical Reflections and Practical Applications(1997), Feminist Thought: A More Comprehensive Introduction (1998), and Globalizing Feminist Bioethics: Crosscultural Perspectives (with Aida Santos and Gwen Anderson 2000). She is also a Board Member of a grassroots citizens group in North Carolina dedicated to increasing the public's knowledge about health care. She is currently writing a book on Health Care Ethics for Allied Health Professionals.
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