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date: 23 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The primary sources for the study of Egypt’s population are the mummified remains and skeletons of the ancient Egyptians themselves. Initially viewed as curiosities, mummies are now studied as holistic artefacts that provide information not only about the state of health of the population, the diseases from which they suffered, but also the economy, medical and chemical knowledge, and the religious beliefs of the Egyptians. This chapter summarizes the role of human remains in the study of ancient Egypt and how it has changed over time.

Keywords: mummy, ancient Egypt, human remains, embalming, physical anthropology, resins, technology, imaging

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