- The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology
- List of Contributors
- The Discipline of Archaeology
- The Formative Century, 1860–1960
- The Theoretical Scene, 1960–2000
- Into the Future
- Measuring the Passage of Time: Achievements and Challenges in Archaeological Dating
- Human Activity in a Spatial Context
- Data Collection by Excavation
- Mastering Materials
- The Nature of Humanness
- Early Hominids
- The Emergence of <i>Homo</i> Sapiens Sapiens
- The Neanderthals
- Peopling the World
- Hunters and Gatherers
- Early Farming and Domestication
- Studying Human Diet
- Cultural Complexity
- Trade and Interaction
- China: State Formation and Urbanization
- The Central Andean Region in Prehistory
- The Mediterranean and its Hinterland
- The Archaeology of Sub-Saharan Africa
- Pre-Islamic Central Asia
- The Circumpolar Zone
- East Asia
- The Pacific Islands
- North America
- South American Archaeology
- Indigenous Voices, Archaeology, and the Issue of Repatriation
- Sex and Gender
- Archaeological Representation: the Consumption and Creation of the Past
- Community Archaeology
- Subject Index
- Index of Personal Names: Includes all referenced authors.
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines changes in the scope, range, parameters, content, and rhetoric of archaeological theory during the period from 1960 to 2000. It explains that during the 1960s theoretical debate played a relatively minor role in archaeological discourse but by the year 2000 many, if not most, archaeologists had already appreciated the impact of theoretical debates on their work. It discusses the origins and rise of the ‘new’ or ‘processual’ archaeology in the 1960s and 1970s, and the subsequent formation and development of ‘postprocessual’ approaches in the 1980s and 1990s.
Matthew H. Johnson. Professor of Archaeology, School of Humanities, University of Southampton.
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