- The Oxford Handbook of Archaeology
- List of Contributors
- The Discipline of Archaeology
- The Formative Century, 1860–1960
- The Theoretical Scene, 1960–2000
- Into the Future
- Measuring the Passage of Time: Achievements and Challenges in Archaeological Dating
- Human Activity in a Spatial Context
- Data Collection by Excavation
- Mastering Materials
- The Nature of Humanness
- Early Hominids
- The Emergence of <i>Homo</i> Sapiens Sapiens
- The Neanderthals
- Peopling the World
- Hunters and Gatherers
- Early Farming and Domestication
- Studying Human Diet
- Cultural Complexity
- Trade and Interaction
- China: State Formation and Urbanization
- The Central Andean Region in Prehistory
- The Mediterranean and its Hinterland
- The Archaeology of Sub-Saharan Africa
- Pre-Islamic Central Asia
- The Circumpolar Zone
- East Asia
- The Pacific Islands
- North America
- South American Archaeology
- Indigenous Voices, Archaeology, and the Issue of Repatriation
- Sex and Gender
- Archaeological Representation: the Consumption and Creation of the Past
- Community Archaeology
- Subject Index
- Index of Personal Names: Includes all referenced authors.
Abstract and Keywords
This article presents a panorama of cultural variation in the archaeology of the circumpolar zone and touches on central processes of socio-economic change related to both ecological contexts and regional interaction. It provides a historical retrospective of changing perspectives in circumpolar archaeology and examines a series of geographical regions including northern Fennoscandinavia, Siberia, and the Bering Strait. It explains that culturally, the circumpolar zone has supported a variety of societies ranging from small, mobile, egalitarian Inuit seal-hunting bands, to reindeer hunters and herders, to semi-sedentary whale-hunting societies with large villages and social hierarchies. The circumpolar zone displays more cultural diversity and dynamism than the nasty, brutish, and frigid stereotype would lead one to believe.
Bryan C. Hood, Professor, Institute for Archaeology, University of Tromsø.
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