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date: 23 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This article provides an overview of sub-Saharan Africa's past from the Plio-Pleistocene era to the modern era, a period of more than 4 million years. It aims to present a synthesis of African prehistory in order to demonstrate the richness and complexity of its past and its relevance for the wider global picture. It explains that as sub-Saharan Africa enters the twenty-first century its archaeology faces new challenges and the biggest challenge for sub-Saharan archaeology is latent political instability, underdevelopment, poverty, and more recently HIV/AIDS.

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa, Plio-Pleistocene, African prehistory, political instability, poverty, HIV/AIDS

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