Abstract and Keywords
The literary and physical evidence for Byzantine music, the study of which is in many cases still at preliminary stages, includes treatises of music theory, lyrics (with or without musical notation), literary references to music and musicians, depictions of music-making in visual art, and the archaeology of churches and other performance venues. This article presents a brief survey of musical culture in the Byzantine Empire from its foundations in the cosmopolitan cities and monastic deserts of the late antique Mediterranean to 1453. It discusses pagan and secular music, Christianity and music, psalmody in Constantinople and Palestine, liturgical music from the Stoudites to the Ottoman Conquest, liturgical music under the Palaiologans, non-liturgical music and musical instruments, ceremonial and military music, and secular entertainment and folk songs.
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