Abstract and Keywords
This article argues that there has been considerable progress in conceptualizing and measuring the psychological characteristics of US presidents. It further argues that an alliance between psychological theories of the personal presidency and rational choice theories of the institutional presidency may have a multiplier effect on progress in analyzing presidential decision making in the domestic and foreign policy domains. Specifically, the article suggests a future research agenda for studies of the personal presidency that focuses on decisions and on the psychological sources of risk orientation and strategic choice as features of presidential decision making. The empirical data indicate that presidential personality traits, motivations, world view, and cognitive processes are most directly linked to the pre-decision, diagnostic stage of the decision-making process. It also shows that the degree of rationality depends on the degree to which positive and negative consequences are identified and taken into account when making a choice.
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