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date: 05 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter charts the contribution of Wittgenstein’s later work to analytic philosophy against the background of a discussion of the development of Wittgenstein’s thought after the Tractatus. I start with a summary of that work and of Wittgenstein’s ‘wilderness years’. Next I survey the problems and ideas that motivated Wittgenstein to abandon many of his early positions during the so-called transition period. This is followed by accounts of Wittgenstein’s philosophy of mathematics, of the main threads of the Investigations, and of Wittgenstein’s last writings. The next to last section considers the legacy of the later work within analytic philosophy. At the same time, that work has also inspired non-analytic philosophers. For that reason I end by addressing the question of whether the later Wittgenstein is a bona fide member of the analytic tradition.

Keywords: Wittgenstein, Tractatus, transition period, Philosophical Investigations, analytic philosophy, ‘continental’ philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, philosophy of mathematics, conceptual analysis

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