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date: 23 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter, which examines the role of nuclear weapons in the Cold War and the role of the Cold War in the nuclear revolution, argues that the development of nuclear weapons significantly affected the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union beyond the nuclear crises and arms races. It investigates the role of the atomic bomb in making impossible the postwar cooperation between the United States and the Soviet Union, and evaluates the role of nuclear fear in invalidating the Soviet's Marxism-Leninism ideology. The chapter also considers how the mutual assured destruction pushed the superpowers away from direct military confrontation and into senseless weapon overproduction at home.

Keywords: nuclear weapons, Cold War, nuclear revolution, United States, Soviet Union, nuclear crises, nuclear arms races, atomic bomb, Marxism-Leninism, mutual assured destruction

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