- Notes on the Contributors
- Normative Ethics
- Moral Epistemology
- Moral Psychology
- As a Matter of Fact: Empirical Perspectives on Ethics
- Liberalism and Diversity
- Democratic Theory
- Feminism in Philosophy
- The Feasibility Issue
- Cognitive Science
- Reference and Description
- Meaning and Understanding
- Knowledge and Scepticism
- The A Priori
- Scientific Realism
- Philosophy of Biology
- The Foundations of Physics
Abstract and Keywords
For a long time the analytic tradition in philosophy of science focused on two main questions about laws: ‘Can one reasonably take a realist stand about the laws of science?’ and ‘What distinguishes a law from other kinds of truths, especially from universal and statistical truths that are not laws?’ This article discusses five overlapping positions that downplay the role of laws in science and nature. The slogan of all of these could be Ronald Giere's ‘Science without laws!’ Before that the second section describes more traditional views that take laws as central, either as the repository of scientific knowledge (laws of science) or as the basic sources or governors for what happens (laws of nature).
Nancy Cartwright is Professor of Philosophy at the London School of Economics and at the University of California at San Diego, and from 2006–2009, Director of the Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science at LSE. She has written extensively in the philosophy of physics but since going to LSE has been concentrating in the philosophy of the social and economic sciences, especially on question of modelling and causality. She is a Fellow of the British Academy and the American Philosophical Society, a former MacArthur Fellow, and a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the German Academy of Natural Science.
Anna Alexandrova is a philosopher of social science at Cambridge University. She has taught at University of Missouri, St. Louis, and received her PhD from the University of California, San Diego. She has written on the use of formal models for explanation and policy making in economics and history, and on the measurement of happiness in psychology. Her current work examines well-being as an object of science and a social indicator.
Sophia Efstathiou is a graduate student in Philosophy and Science Studies at the University of California, San Diego.
Andrew Hamilton is a graduate student in Philosophy and Science Studies at the University of California, San Diego.
Ioan Muntean is a graduate student in the Department of Philosophy at the University of California, San Diego.
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